Links between Older parents and Autism

Mother Giraffe Caring For Her New Born Baby

We know that there are always higher risks when you bear a child when you are getting older. Now research have shown that the firstborn children of older parents have three times as much chance of being diagnosed with autism than later born children of younger parents!
The Study

A study of 240,000 teenagers carried out by researchers in the US has found a strong link between the likelihood of developing the condition and a higher age of parents.

The study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, has been hailed as a possible explanation for the apparent increase in incidence of the condition. The social trend of increasing numbers of couples put off having children until later in life, and tend to opt for smaller families – meaning a higher proportion of babies are firstborn or only children. This trend coincide with the increasing numbers of autism children.


Findings

Mothers aged 35 and over were cited as having a 30% higher risk of having an autistic child than mothers in their twenties. For fathers in their forties and over the risk was estimated to be even greater at around 40% higher when compared with fathers aged under 30.

The study also suggested that later born children were less likely to be afflicted with autistic disorders than firstborn offspring.

The research team behind the study has claimed their work provides “the most compelling evidence to date that autism risk increases with both maternal and paternal age, and decreases with birth order”.


Conclusion

There is no clue to suggest why parental age should increase the risk of a child being autistic, but the authors suggest the sperm of older fathers could be more likely to pass on genetic mutations, while older mothers might be more susceptible to chromosome alterations. Another theory suggests that older parents may be more likely to spot developmental difficulties in their children, and therefore more likely to seek help and a formal diagnosis.

Firstborn children are also more prone to suffer from other childhood disorders, including type I diabetes. One theory to explain the phenomenon is the “hygiene hypothesis”, which suggests that first-time parents are more protective and expose their children to fewer infections in early childhood, making them likely to develop autoimmune diseases.


Remarks

It is quite alarming to know that the increase in the number of autistic children in recent years is somehow linked to the trend that many couples are putting off having children until later age. There may be many reasons for not having a child earlier such as putting, freedom, career and financial stability first before having children. However, now there should be one additional strong reason to have a child before 35 for ladies and before 40 for the gentlemen.

And be too protective over your child in their early childhood may not be a good idea. Instead a bit of less hygienic environment may build up their immunity system in their bodies.

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